Beijing Jiaotong University, a national key university under the direct administration of the Ministry of Education, jointly supported by the Ministry of Education, Ministry of Transport, Beijing Municipal Government and China Railway Corporation, is also an active contributor to the development of the “National 211 Project” and the “985 Innovative Platforms for Key Disciplines Project”. The Collaborative Innovation Centre for Rail Transit Safety, established by BJTU, is one of the first 14 collaborative centers recognized by the Chinese government as part of the “National 2011 Projects”. BJTU was one of the first universities selected into the ‘Double First-Class’ National Initiative and has already accomplished its first set of development tasks. The university’s achievements in world-class ‘Smart Transportation’ discipline in particular has gained wide recognition among examining experts and authorities.
As one of the three founding bodies of the Jiaotong University, the history of BJTU can be dated back to 1896. BJTU originated from Beijing Railway Management Institute, China’s first higher education institution committed to fostering railway management talents and was created by the Qing dynasty government. It is regarded as the birthplace of modern China’s education in railway management and telecommunication. In 1917, it transformed into Beijing Railway Management School and Beijing Post and Telecommunication School. In 1921, the school merged with Shanghai Industrial College, Tangshan Industrial College and thusly formed the original Jiaotong University. After the restructuring of Jiaotong University in 1923, the Beijing campus was renamed Beijing Jiaotong University. In 1950, the school was again renamed Northern Jiaotong University with leading bridge expert and scholar Prof. Mao Yisheng as president. In 1952, Northern Jiaotong University was cancelled, the campuses at Beijing and Tangshan therefore became independent and the school was renamed Beijing Railway Institute. In 1970, the name Northern Jiaotong University was re-adopted. In 2000, the school merged with the Beijing Electric Power College and the administration was transferred from the Ministry of Railways to the Ministry of Education. In 2003, the name Beijing Jiaotong University was resumed. Numerous renowned scholars and inventors in Chinese history received education in BJTU, including LIU Han, founder of China’s first radio station; YING Shangcai, inventor of China’s first high-power steam engine; JIN Shixuan, author of China’s first railway management monograph; XU Jing, pioneer of railway transport economics in China; YANG Rumei, one of the earliest four major accountants in China, and ZHENG Zhenduo, famous writer, literary critic and historian. Certain famous academics also taught at the University, including HSIANG Che-chun, Prosecutor of the Tokyo Trial and MA Yinchu, famous demographer and economist in China.
BJTU has two campuses, the East and the West, in the renowned education district Haidian with a total area of nearly 67 hectares and building floorage of more than 1 million square meters. The Weihai International Campus in Shandong Province covers more than 67 hectares. All campuses are equipped with complete teaching and research facilities and enjoys beautiful scenery. In Huangye, Hebei Province, the BJTU Haibin Rail Transit Comprehensive Research and Development Base was set up with an overall area of approximately 15.5 hectares. The Tangshan Research Institute of Beijing Jiaotong University, established in Tangshan, Hebei Province, is dedicated to developing a demonstration zone of international education for R&D and commercialization of scientific findings.
Through the past 120 years, the university has developed a comprehensive and coordinated education system with strength disciplines in information and management, characteristic disciplines in transportation and other diversified disciplines such as engineering, management, economics, science, liberal arts, law and philosophy. The university is home to 16 schools, including School of Electronic and Information Engineering, School of Computer and Information, School of Economics and Management, School of Traffic and Transportation, School of Civil Engineering, School of Mechanical, Electronic and Control Engineering, School of Electrical Engineering, School of Sciences, School of Languages and Communication Studies, School of Software Engineering, School of Humanities and Social Sciences Marxism, School of Architecture and Design, Law School, School of Information Secret and Security Technology, Weihai International Campus, Zhan Tianyou Emerging Technology College, etc. The university also set up Graduate School, College of International Education and School of Distance Learning and Continuing Education.
BJTU’s position in international rankings of world leading universities and disciplines are steadily on the rise. The university has already entered the top 500 list of the ARWU Ranking and for 3 years in a row, BJTU’s Transportation Engineering discipline has crowned the world leading discipline ranking and 15 disciplines in total were qualified. 10 disciplines have been selected for U.S News world leading discipline ranking, 7 entered the same ranking of QS, 5 were nominated for the Times ranking. Engineering studies maintained a steady placing in the top 1% of ESI and 5 disciplines in total entered the top 1% list. The System Science discipline remained top 1 for four consecutive years in the National Discipline Evaluation, 5 disciplines were among the top 10% (Category A) in the fourth round of the evaluation, 7 were among the top 20% ( Category B+). The university has 17 Post-doc Research Centers, 21 Level-1 Discipline Doctoral Programs and 3 Professional Doctoral Degree Programs. On the graduate level, BJTU is in charge of 33 Level-1 Discipline Master Programs, 2 Level-2 Discipline Master Programs and 19 Professional Master Degree Programs.
The university always sees high quality faculty development as the key to strengthening the school operation efficiency and has thusly adopted a ‘talent cultivation’ strategy. The university employs 3040 staff, including 1,965 full-time teachers (1,374 with vice-senior or higher professional technical titles, 1,908 with master degree or higher academic qualifications.). The university is home to 4 academicians of Chinese Academy of Science, 9 academicians of Chinese Academy of Engineering, 1foreign academician of Chinese Academy of Engineering, 5 National Renowned Teachers, 6 Members of State Council Disciplinary Evaluation Committee, 15 experts of National Ten-thousand Talent Plan, 8 state candidates of the National Hundred-Thousand-Thousands of Talents Project, 12 Winners of National Outstanding Youth Funds, 20 winners of Distinguished Young Scholars and 2 talents of the Publicity Department of the CPC Central Committee’s ‘Four First Batch’ project.
BJTU has always attached high importance to talent cultivation, the core of the university’s operation and mission, raising innumerable talents for the country and the industry. Currently, the university has 16,153 undergraduate students, 2,908 doctoral students, 10,014 master students and 5,270 adult college students. The total amount of international exchange students amounts to 1,363. In the teaching achievement award evaluation for latest three years, BJTU has won 3 First Prizes, 8 Second Prizes on the national level. The university employs 5 national level renowned teachers, 2 national ‘Ten Thousand Talent Project’ renowned teachers, 34 Beijing municipal level renowned teachers and 8 Beijing young renowned teachers. 32 teachers were selected into the 2018-2022 Teaching Steering Committee of Higher Education Institutions of the Ministry of Education. BJTU has 34 National Level First Class Program Development Sites, 11 National Level Characteristic Specialties, 7 National Level Comprehensive Reform Pilot Programs, and 8 National Level Outstanding Engineering Education Plan Majors, among which 12 were certified by the National Engineering Education Evaluation and 2 passed the National Civil Engineering Major Assessment. The University has established 6 National Experimental Demonstration Centers, 3 National Centers of Virtual Simulation Experiment Teaching, 3 National University Student Extracurricular Practice Bases, 7 National Engineering Practical Education Centers and 1 National Teaching Development and Demonstration Centre. BJTU offers 32 Nationally-Certified First Class Undergraduate Courses, 19 National Excellent Resource Sharing Courses, and 6 National Excellent Online Video Public Courses. 42 textbooks of 34 categories were qualified as the ‘Twelfth Five-Year Plan’ Normal Higher Education Undergraduate National Teaching Materials. The university insists on creating synergy between its undergraduate and master programs, integration and fusion between disciplines, close relationship between industry and university and international connectivity. By implementing the ‘Highland Project’ and the ‘Peak Project’, the Zhan Tianyou Emerging Technology College was established, further exploring 3+5 integrated undergraduate and master talent cultivation model to a fundamental disciplines’ outstanding student education base. The student quality and education capability continue to improve yearly with a steady employment rate of undergraduate and post-graduate student around 97%, while 56% bachelor graduates continue to pursue higher academic degrees. BJTU was recognized by MOE as one of the first National Entrepreneurship and Innovation Example Universities, and Beijing Municipal Entrepreneurship and Innovation Educational Reform Demonstration University. The “Suite of Songs on the Long March” stage play and the original theatre play “Mao Yisheng” portrayed by BJTU Student Art Troupe was an innovative fusion of artistic expression and teaching that developed into an embodiment of the university patriotism education. BJTU also places great emphasis on the students’ physical education, high level athletes teams and common students teams all earned great results in various competitions. In 2020, the university took home 4 national championships and 23 municipal championships.
BJTU has always targeted the frontier of scientific and technological development and the demands of major national strategies. BJTU actively participated in major historic events of China’s rail transit development including the Major Railway Speed-up Project, the construction of Qinghai-Tibet Railway, the heavy-haul transportation of Daqin Railway, the construction of high-speed railway and the independent research and development of core technologies regarding urban rail transit. The university has made significant scientific and technological achievements at international leading level with complete intellectual property rights. BJTU has made positive contribution to the development of various industries such as transportation, logistic, information engineering, new energy, etc. Reaping great benefits for Beijing’s social and economic development, the university has become a major force for support and leadership of the national, industrial and regional scientific innovation development.
In the past five years, the university received 10 national level awards, 142 provincial level technological awards and hosted 11 first or higher prize winning projects of key academies and societies, among which there were 1 first prize National Science and Technology Progress Award, 2 second prize National Science and Technology Progress Awards, 2 second prize State Technological Invention Awards, 21 Beijing Municipal Philosophy and Social Sciences Research Awards. BJTU undertook major state R&D projects and other research tasks from The National Social Science Fund and the National Natural Science Foundation, total research funds attributed to the university rose above 1 thousand million Yuan. The university was approbated by the National Intellectual Property Administration and Ministry of Education as one of the first National Intellectual Property Demonstration Universities. BJTU boasts more than 70 provincial and ministerial-level research platforms, including 1 Collaborative Innovation Center for Rail Transit Safety, 1 Smart High-speed Railway System Frontier Science Center, 1 National Key Laboratory, 1 National Engineering Research Centre, 6 National Engineering Laboratories (5 of which BJTU is closely involved in), 2 National Base of International Science and Technology Cooperation, 8 Key Laboratories/Education and Engineering Research Centers of the Ministry of Education, 1 National Energy Research Centre, 2 Key Laboratories of Traffic and Transportation Industry, 2 Beijing municipal laboratories, 17 Beijing Key Laboratories/Engineering Technology Research Centers, 3 Railway Industry Key Laboratories, 8 Oversea Expertise Introduction Centers, 1 of the first Capital Advanced Think-Tanks, 1 New Traffic and Transportation Think-Tank of the Ministry of Transport, 1 Beijing Municipal Research Center on Xi Jinping’s New Age Socialism with Distinctive Chinese Characteristics Theories, 4 Beijing Municipal Research Bases of Philosophy and Social Sciences, 1 National and Regional Research Center of the Ministry of Education. BJTU holds annually the Advanced Forum on Transportation of China, Lecture Hall of Jiaotong University and the Capital Advanced Think-Tank Forum on Beijing Transportation Development. The university provides kilo mega internet coverage for both cable and wireless connections throughout the campus. Thorough application of innovative high-technologies such as High Performance Computing, Big Data and Artificial Intelligence offers strong boost and support to the university’s reform and development. Nowadays, the institution possesses teaching and research equipment of 1.35 billion Yuan worth. The university library stocks paperback monographs, electronic books and online resources of nearly 14.62 million copies. BJTU established a characteristic database of transportation and traffic studies, as well as an Inspection and Research Work Station of Innovative Technologies of the Ministry of Education. It was approbated as one of the first Higher Education Institution National Intellectual Property Information Service Centers.
The university regards international cooperation and exchanges as an important way to improve education quality. Actively responding to the appeal of the “Belt and Road Initiative”, BJTU established partnership with 289 universities and renowned cross-national enterprises from 49 countries, including the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany and France. With the purpose of promoting Chinese culture and language teaching, the university has established 4 Confucius Institutes at Group T of KU Leuven in Belgium, Texas Southern University in the United States, University of Campinas in Brazil and Warsaw University of Technology. For the further improvement of academic influence and authority in the global railway sector, BJTU successively joined international organizations and alliances such as OSJD, UIC and China-CEEC Higher Education Institutions Consortium, and led the establishment of the latter two. In order to enhance international research cooperation, the university also led the creation of the China-US, China-Russia, China-UK and China-Indonesia High-speed Railway Research Centers. BJTU is also actively engaged in undergraduate, postgraduate level degree program cooperation. The university operates 5 Chinese-Foreign Cooperation in Running Schools Programs, 1 Chinese-Foreign Collaboratively Run School and 2 oversea educational institutions. Making full play of the alumni association, the foundation and the university board, BJTU established 53 alumni organizations home and abroad, partnered with 86 various departments and institutions, while setting up strategic partnerships with industries corporations and local government in areas such as transport, logistic, information and energy so as to deepen synergetic innovation between political, industrial, educational and research bodies, carrying out long-term, full-range cooperation in talent cultivation and scientific development. The university’s education foundation was certified as a 4A charity group by the Ministry of Civil Affairs.
“Think of the source while drinking the water, love thy country and honor the alma mater.” With 125 years of glorious history, Beijing Jiaotong University, adhering to the university motto of ‘knowing and doing’, is undertaking new missions and embracing a pioneering attitude for its stride towards the goal of world first-class university with distinctive characteristics.