Beijing Jiaotong University is a national key university under the direct administration of the Ministry of Education and now is jointly supported by the Ministry of Education, the China Railway Corporation and Beijing Municipal Government. BJTU is one of the first universities selected into the “National 211 Project” and the “985 Innovative Platforms for Key Disciplines Project”, one of the first institutions authorised to confer Master’s and Doctoral degrees. BJTU, as the leading organisation, has established the Collaborative Innovation Centre for Rail Transit Safety, which is one of the first 14 collaborative centres selected by the Chinese government into the “National 2011 Projects”. In 2017, BJTU was selected into the ‘Double First-Class’ National Initiative. BJTU will surround the advantaged disciplines and focus on building ‘Smart Transportation’ as a world-class discipline.
As one of the three origins of the Jiaotong University, the history of BJTU can be dated back to 1896. BJTU grew out of Beijing Railway Management Institute, China’s first higher educational institution which was committed to fostering railway management talents and initiated modern China’s education in railway management and telecommunication. In 1917, it was reorganized into Beijing Railway Management School and Beijing Post and Telecommunication School. In 1921, it merged with the Shanghai Industrial College, Tangshan Industrial College to form Jiaotong University. After the reorganization of Jiaotong University in 1923, the Beijing campus was renamed Beijing Jiaotong University. In 1950, the school was named Northern Jiaotong University, and the president was the famous bridge expert Mao Yisheng. In 1952, the Northern Jiaotong University was revoked, therefore, the Beijing and Tang campus became independent and the school was renamed Beijing Railway Institute. In 1970, the name Northern Jiaotong University was resumed. In 2000, it had merged with the Beijing Electric Power College and the administration was transferred from the Ministry of Railways to the Ministry of Education. In 2003, the name Beijing Jiaotong University was resumed. Some renowned people in Chinese history received education at the University, including LIU Han, the founder of China’s first radio station, YING Shangcai, the inventor of China’s first high-power steam engine, JIN Shixuan, the author of China’s first railway management monograph, XU Jing, a pioneer of railway transport economics in China, YANG Rumei, one of the earliest four major accountants in China, and ZHENG Zhenduo, a famous writer and literary critic and historian. Some famous scholars worked at the University, including Hsiang Che-chun, a Prosecutor of the Tokyo Trial and MA Yinchu, a famous demographer and economist in China.
In 2017, the 11th CPC Congress of BJTU was successfully convened, which clarified the goal of the university in the next five years and selected the members of the University Council and the Discipline Inspection Committee. President NING Bin was selected as an Academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering. Three research projects with BJTU faculty members as the principal researcher won national science and technology awards, among which one won the 1st Prize of the National Science and Technology Progress Award. The advantaged and featured disciplines also had outstanding performance in the 4th round of National Discipline Review by the Ministry of Education. Systematic Science was ranked 1st for four consecutive rounds of the Review. Systematic Science, Traffic and Transportation Engineering, Information and Communication Engineering, Computer Science and Technology, and Business Administration were ranked Level-A. Another seven disciplines were ranked top 20%. BJTU also enters the four major world university rankings, including THE World University Ranking and the Academic Ranking of World University for the first time, with the international ranking steadily improving. Three disciplines were ranked 1% in the ESI ranking, including Engineering ranked top 1.5‰. Ten disciplines were ranked top 500 in the Academic Ranking of World University by discipline, including Traffic and Transportation Engineering ranked 1st in China 2nd worldwide, Communication Engineering ranked 10th in China and 38th worldwide. Computer Science, Physics, and Material Science, and Engineering Science enter the U.S. News World University Ranking by subject, among which Engineering Science was ranked 97th worldwide and 17th in China. Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Computer Science and Information System, Mechanical, Aeronautical, and Manufacture Engineering, Mathematics, Physics and Astronomy, and Statistics and Operational Research enter the 2018 QS World University Ranking.
BJTU has always targeted at the frontier of scientific and technological development and the demands of major national strategy. Based on our advantaged disciplines, such as information, management and transportation science and technology, BJTU provides intelligence and personnel support and professional service to fully involve in many milestone events in the development of rail transit in China, such as the Grand Railway Acceleration, the construction of Qinghai-Tibet Railway, the heavy-haul transportation of Daqin Railway, the construction of high-speed railway and the independent research and development of core technology of urban rail transit. The university has made a bunch of significant scientific and technological achievements that are at the international leading level and of which we own the complete intellectual property rights. With these achievements, the university has made positive contribution to the development of transportation, logistic, information engineering, new energy and the social economy in Beijing and has become an importance force to support and lead the national, industrial and regional scientific innovation development. Recently, BJTU is implementing the 13th Five-Year Plan and carrying out tasks listed in the Comprehensive Reform Plan. BJTU’s long-term goal is to basically develop into a world-class university with distinctive features by the middle of this century.
BJTU has the East and West campuses in Haidian District with total area of nearly 67 hectares. In September 2015, the Weihai International Campus of BJTU in Weihai, Shandong Province came into service. All campuses have complete teaching and research facilities and beautiful environments.
After the development in the past 120 years, the university has built a comprehensive discipline system with information and management as advantage, transportation science and technology as features, and engineering, management, economics, science, social science, law and philosophy developing synergistically. The university has built School of Electronic and Information Engineering, School of Computer and Information Technology, School of Economics and Management, School of Traffic and Transportation, School of Civil Engineering, School of Mechanical, and, Electronic and Control Engineering, School of Electrical Engineering, School of Science, School of Humanities and Social Sciences Marxism, School of Languages and Communication Studies, School of Software Engineering, School of Architecture and Design, Law School, Graduate School, School of Distance Learning and Continuing Education, and Haibin College in Huanghua, Hebei Province, which is co-founded with an enterprise. BJTU has two 1st-level national key disciplines, Traffic and Transportation Engineering and Information and Communication Engineering, two 2nd-level national key disciplines, Industrial Economics and Bridget and Tunnel Engineering. Together with the 2nd-level national key disciplines covered by the 1st-level disciplines, there are eight 2nd-level national key disciplines. There are 15 centre for post-doctoral studies, 21 1st-level discipline doctoral programmes, 33 1st-level discipline master programmes and degree programmes of 14 disciplines including MBA, Master of Engineering, Master of Accounting, Master of Law, etc.
The university has always seen a high-quality teaching team as the key to strengthening the school running ability and thus adapted a ‘talent developing’ strategy. There are 2980 staff members, including 1868 full-time teachers (1311 with a professional and technical level of sub-senior or above, 1772 with a degree of master or above). There are 4 academicians of Chinese Academy of Science, 10 academicians of Chinese Academy of Engineering, 5 National Renowned Teachers, 6 Members of State Council Disciplinary Evaluation Committee, 5 “973”Chief Scientists, 8 experts of National One-thousand Talent Plan, 10 National Ten-thousand Talents Project, 10 Distinguished and Chair Professors of Yangtze River Scholar Program, 11 Candidates of National Hundred-Thousand-Thousands of Talents Project, 10 Winners of National Outstanding Youth Funds, 12 winners of Distinguished Young Scholars and 154 Experts Feasting the State Specialist Allowance.
In the teaching achievement award evaluation for recent three years, BJTU has won 1 Grand Prize, 3 First Prizes, 12 Second Prizes in the national level award, and 1 Grand Prize, 27 First Prizes, 29 Second Prizes in the Beijing municipal level award. In the past five years, BJTU has an increasing number of teaching staff listed in the renowned teacher award, with 1 Renowned Teacher in the National Ten Thousand Plan, 10 Beijing Municipal Renowned Teachers and 2 Beijing Municipal Renowned Youth Teachers. BJTU has 13 National Level Characteristic Specialties, 7 National Level Comprehensive Reform Majors, 8 National Level Outstanding Engineers Education Plans, and there are 11 majors and 3 majors certified in the National Engineering Education Evaluation and National Civil Engineering Majors Assessment respectively. The University has established 6 National Experimental Demonstration Centres, 3 National Centres of Virtual Simulation Experiment Teaching, 3 National Extracurricular Practice Bases, 7 National Engineering Practical Education Centres and 1 National Teaching Development Demonstration Centre. BJTU has 3 National Excellent Online Open Courses, 19 National Excellent Resource Sharing Courses, and 6 National Excellent Open Video Courses; 42 “12th Five-Year” General Higher Education Undergraduate National Planning Teaching Materials of 34 kinds approved. BJTU is awarded national “Top 50 Universities Entrepreneurship and Innovation Education Work” “Excellent Entrepreneurship and Innovation Training Plan Implementation” and “Entrepreneurship and Innovation Practice Base”. The University has strengthened the cultivation of outstanding innovative talents through the establishment of the experimental class of Science (Si Yuan Class), the experimental class of basic disciplines (Zhi Xing Class), the bachelor-master’s (doctoral) degree program, Zhan Tianyou Class, Mao Yisheng Class and international class. The quality and training level of BJTU has increased year by year, as a result of which, the employment rate of the undergraduates and graduates is above 98% and more than 55% undergraduate students choose further education. The University is awarded National Entrepreneurship and Innovation Example University by the Ministry of Education in the first batch, and Beijing Municipal Entrepreneurship and Innovation Educational Reform Demonstration University. The student art troupe has excellent performance in the national and the Beijing municipal competitions, winning First Prizes in the College Students Art Performance for consecutive four years, and travels overseas to perform for multiple times. The “Suite of Songs on the Long March” performed by BJTU Student Art Troupe in the Great Hall of the People leads to a positive social impact. The original stage play “Mao Yisheng” has been listed in “the Backbone of the Republic – University Publicity Project of Masters in Science and Engineering” and received wide acclaim. High level sports team has won 127 first prizes at various national and international competitions, including 87 championship in the World University Championship Badminton and other major events home and abroad.
BJTU takes strengthening scientific and technological innovation as a strategic focus of development and constantly improves the capacity of social service. BJTU boasts 59 provincial and ministerial-level research platforms, including 1 National Key Laboratory, 1 National Engineering Research Centre, 6 National Engineering Laboratories, 1 National Energy Research Centre, 1 National Global technological Cooperation Base, 1 Collaborative Innovation Centre of Rail Transit Safety, 4 National Accredited Laboratories, 1 National University Science and Technology Park, 9 Key Laboratories of Ministry of Education/ Engineering Research Centre, 2 Beijing municipal laboratories, 17 Beijing Key Laboratories/Engineering Technology Research Centres, 1 first group of Capital High-end Think Tank, 4 Beijing Municipal Philosophy and Social Sciences Research bases, 2 Key Laboratories of Industry of Traffic and Transportation as well as 8 other research platforms on provincial and ministerial levels. In recent five years, BJTU has undertaken more than 10,000 scientific research projects of “National 973 Plan”, “National 863 Plan”, National Key Research and Development Plan, National Key Project of Social Sciences Fund, and National Science Fund with a total research funds of 3.8 billion RMB. BJTU has published 4,246 papers in SCIE publications, 6,780 papers in EI publications and 2,420 papers in ISTP publications. There are 2,385 patent applications and 1,343 approvals. BJTU has created academic exchange brands of “High-level Forum of China’s Transportation” and “BJTU Grand Lecture”, hosted and undertaken over 50 high-level international academic conferences. BJTU has won 11 national awards, and 154 provincial and ministerial science and technology awards, including 2 projects winning First and Second Prizes in the National Science and Technology Progress Award, and 2 projects winning Second Prizes in the State Technological Invention Award. 4 research projects have won the Second Prize of the Scientific Research Outstanding Achievement of Higher Learning Institutions (Humanities and Social Sciences). BJTU has teaching, research instruments and equipment asset of 1.28 billion RMB, 10.07 million paper, electronic and website books in library and set up a database with the characteristics of traffic and transportation.
The university regards strengthening cooperation and exchanges as an important way to upgrade the level of running school and enhance its influences at home and abroad. BJTU has established cooperative relations with 235 universities and famous multi-national enterprises from 45 countries, including the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany and France in order to cultivate first-class talents with global vision. The university has established Confucius Institutes at Group T of KU Leuven in Belgium, Texas Southern University in the United States and University of Campinas in Brazil. In 2017, BJTU officially joined the OSJD to enhance the influence and voice in the field of international railway; joined the Association of Chinese and Central and Eastern European Universities to lay foundations for the educational exchange and cooperation between BJTU and Central and Eastern countries; hosted the Belt and Road Rail Transit Education and Training School-Enterprise Cooperation Dialogue: Annual Meeting of the China-ASEAN Rail Transit Education and Training Association; and signed cooperation agreements with Russian University of Transport and Bandung Institute of Technology to jointly establish the Jeme Tien Yow Institute and China-Indonesia High-speed Railway Research Centre, respectively. The International Culture Festival is held every two years to promote international academic and cultural exchanges. BJTU boasts 1 “National Demonstration College”, 5 “Overseas Expertise Introduction Centre for Discipline Innovation” (111 Centre), 1 Nurturing Project of 111 Centre, 1 “Belt and Road” Expertise Introduction Project for Education, Science, Culture and Health, 17 experts selected into the “High-end Foreign Experts Project”, 4 experts selected into the “National One-Thousand Talent Plan (International)” (3 for long-term and 1 for short-term), 6 Chinese-foreign Cooperative Education projects, 2 cross-border educational institutes to carry out degree education at both undergraduate and graduate levels and improve the school-running level in internationalisation. BJTU makes full use of the roles of the Alumni, Foundation and Board of Directors and deepens collaborative innovation among the government, the industry, the academia, research institutes and users. So far, BJTU has established 49 local alumni associations at home and abroad, absorbed 83 board members and established strategic cooperative relationship with enterprises of transportation, logistics, information, energy and other industries as well as local governments, which has realised long-term and extensive cooperation in personnel training and scientific research.
“Think of the source while drinking the water, love the country and honor the alma mater.” With 120 years of glorious history, Beijing Jiaotong University, adhering to the university motto of ‘knowing and doing’, undertaking new missions and embracing a pioneering attitude, is marching towards a feature-distinctive world first-class university.